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ISME 2012: 31st ISME World Conference on Music Education


Past ISME Board of Directors (2010-2012) PDF Print E-mail

All information provided in this page was accurate during the time of service 2010-2012. Please note that directors' biographical notes will have changed since.

* denotes executive committee

Graham Welch*, 2010-2012 President

United Kingdom

Graham WelchThe United Nations (UN) Human Development Index (HDI) includes data from 175 UN member countries on three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy at birth); knowledge (measured by adult literacy rates and gross enrolment ratios in phases of formal education); and standard of living (measured in Gross Domestic Product [GDP] per capita and purchasing power). The HDI data act as a reminder of the differences and inequalities in many people's lives and why it is important for those of us who have more to take positive action to help others who have less. Nevertheless, knowing gross enrollment ratios in education does not automatically tell us anything about the quality of education outcomes, nor the rich cultural experiences that may be available in local and regional cultures.

That is why it is important for ISME to continue to encourage, promote and celebrate musical diversity in its biennial conferences, to nurture various single and multi-disciplinary musical activities through its Commissions and its links with national and regional associations, and to find ways to empower local individuals and communities in all aspects of their musical lives. ISME has to make a difference, not just every two years, but in the ways that its distinctive mission is networked, articulated, understood and acted on, such as by government agencies across the world. Music is our birthright and music education is a key component in ensuring that all children, young people and adults realize their musical potential.

Professor Graham Welch holds the Institute of Education, University of London Established Chair of Music Education. He is elected Chair of the internationally based Society for Education, Music and Psychology Research (SEMPRE) and a recent past Commissioner and Co-Chair of the Research Commission of the International Society for Music Education (ISME). He holds Visiting Professorships at the Universities of Sydney (Australia), Limerick (Eire), Helsinki (Finland) and Roehampton (UK) and has recently been appointed as a member of the UK's Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) review college for music. He has acted as a special consultant to (i) the USA National Center for Voice and Speech (NCVS) in Denver, the Swedish Voice Research Centre in Stockholm and UK Government agencies on aspects of children's singing and vocal development; (ii) the British Council in the Ukraine and Ministry for Education and Youth in the United Arab Emirates on education and teacher development; and (iii) the National Research Foundation of South Africa and British Council in Argentina on the development of national research cultures in music. Publications number over two hundred and embrace musical development and music education, teacher education, the psychology of music, singing and voice science and music in special education and disability. Publications are primarily in English, but also in Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Swedish and Chinese. He is on the Editorial Boards of the world's leading journals in music education, including IJME, JRME, RSME, BJME and MER.

Margaret Barrett*, 2010-2012 President Elect


barrett_margaret Participation in meaningful, developmental, and enriching music experiences is fundamental to being human. Engagement in music-making individually and collectively provides us with a means to make meaning, to communicate, build understandings, and to raise and explore questions about our worlds. As the global organization for music education the ISME plays a crucial role in promoting access to music participation and learning in its many diverse forms, and assisting every one of us to reach our potential in and through music. The ISME’s unique structure of conferences, projects, and commissions brings together an international community of music educators to pursue issues of individual and collective interest, to identify problems in the theory and practice of music education, and, work collaboratively to find new and enriching ways to address these. The ISME serves more than its membership through its powerful links to music and arts organisations across the world, its capacity and potential to increase awareness and participation in music globally, and as a means to effecting positive change for individuals and their communities in and through music. The ISME’s emphasis on developing a global community that works collectively to promote music education and ensure that the benefits of music education are widely understood is a major factor in its success. I am committed to working to further the ISME’s goals and develop the aims and reach of the organisation.

Margaret Barrett is Professor and Head of the School of Music at The University of Queensland and has held positions as Professor of Music and Arts Education and Director of Research, in the Faculty of Education at the University of Tasmania. Margaret’s record of service to music education includes: Discipline writer (Music), The Australian National Curriculum (2011); Chair of the Asia Pacific Symposium of Music Education Research (2009–2011); National President of the Australian Society for Music Education (1999–2001); National Vice- President for the Australian Society for Music Education (1997–1999); and, Chair of the Tasmanian Chapter of the Australian Society for Music Education (1997–1999). Margaret has convened major conferences and symposia in music education including the 2nd Asia- Pacific Symposium for Music Education Research (February 1999), co-con- vened the 1st and 2nd international conferences in Narrative Inquiry in Music Education, and, in November 2010 will co-convene the 3rd International Conference in Narrative Inquiry in Music and Education (Brisbane, 2010). She has served as editor of Research Studies in Music Education, and Associate Editor of Psychology of Music, and published extensively in the field. Recent publications include: Narrative Inquiry in Music Education: Troubling Certainty (with Sandra Stauffer, Springer, 2009). She has held visiting professorships at a range of institutions, including the Institute of Education, University of London, and the Sibelius Academy, Helsinki. Margaret has been an ISME member since 1988, and presented to the Research Commission (1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006) and to ISME conferences (1990, 1992, 1996, 2002, 2004, 2008).

Håkan Lundström*, 2010-2012 Immediate Past President


lundstrom_hakanMusic education is a wide field that includes people who work in very diverse situations: in pre-schools, in high schools, in universities.

They are teaching in different contexts or educating music teachers or doing research on different aspects of music education or work in community activities with various age groups. Where there is music there are also learners and many of them learn in informal situations outside of schools or similar institutions.

It is my belief that all people who are active in this field need each other in order to communicate, learn and develop, and that they need each other's support when it come to justifying their work and the position of music education in their society – for this field is after all rather marginalized in the education policies of most societies. If we believe that music increases the possibilities for important matters like inter-cultural understanding, democracy and – perhaps – peace, we need to show this.

This is one reason why ISME is needed and why I want to work for the continuation of the strong development ISME has undergone during a number of years in order to strengthen ISME's position and capacity to support music education.

Long teaching experience in Music and society at Malmö Academy of Music, Sweden – particularly ethnomusicology, folk music, world music and popular music. Currently Dean of the Malmö Academies of Performing Arts, Lund University (including the Academies of Fine Arts, Music and Theatre). PhD in ethnomusicology, Lund University, with a thesis on the music of the ethnic minority Kammu (Kmhmu) in Laos: I will send my song... (2006). On-going research projects on Kammu music, Japanese music and native American music in Alaska.

Co-edited school song books, notably Sångboken (1984) and Lilla sångboken (1986). Was a part of the project Higher music education in a multicultural society including field studies abroad (Gambia) and work with immigrant musicians. Presently active in co-operation project with the music conservatory in Hanoi, which involves teacher and student exchange and also new developments in traditional Vietnamese art music in practice and education. Another branch of this project deals with orally transmitted music of ethnic minorities: documentation, CD productions and revitalization through new methods of education and new performance situations.

Member of the ISME Commission for the Education of the Professional Musician 1996-2002, chair 2000-2002. Member of the ISME board and Executive Committee 2002-2006.

Emily Achieng' Akuno, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


Emily Achieng' Akuno I would like:

  1. To provide for education in music as a tool for empowering individuals to understand and express the world around them;
  2. To facilitate the application of music in (and to) life’s events;
  3. To facilitate, through the learning of music, individuals’ progress in creating personal and adapting collective identity as artists, scholars and educators.

I view my role in ISME as that of facilitating the understanding of and harnessing the strengths inherent in indigenous music expressions of Africa towards holistic development of (young) people. I wish to facilitate the strengthening of ISME’s presence and influence in Africa through enhancing the work of PASMAE and other regional music education bodies, to support research that leads to effective teaching and learning. This should impact policy and practice of music in education in the various countries that ISME members operate in.

  • Associate Professor of Music at Maseno University, Kisumu, Kenya
  • Qualification: BEd (Kenyatta), MMus (Northwestern State, La) PhD (Kingston, UK)
  • Professional Employment: Taught music and guided postgraduate research in music performance and education at Kenyatta University (1987–2007);
  • previously Head of School of Music and Associate Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.
  • First presented a paper at the Media commission in Nairobi in 1998, then research in Salt Lake City in 2000, MISTEC in Hong Kong (2006),
  • Frascati (2008). Paper accepted for Toronto World Conference, presented poster and symposium presentation at Kuala Lumpur and Bologna. I was elected Commissioner for MISTEC in Frascati (2008). Also presented paper at PASMAE conference in Kisumu
  • (2003), promoted the formation of the Association of Music Educators of East Africa (AMEEA) and East African Journal of Music (EAJM – that I am chief editor of). I served as executive chair of both the Kenya Music Festival and Kenya Music and Cultural Festival, whose main agenda is the promotion of music learning and performance in educational and non-educational institutions in Kenya respectively.

Graça Boal Palheiros*, 2010-2012 Board of Directora


boal_palheiros_gracaI strongly believe in the immense value of music and music education to enrich the lives of people and promote their musical, cognitive, emotional and social development. Therefore, I support the vision and the values of ISME that all people should have access to and benefit from music education. Like many ISME members around the world I also believe that belonging to a professional community is very important for teachers’ personal and professional development. Newsletters, journals and the web page, as well as conferences, seminars, and other national, regional and international events are essential for this development: they provide access to information and formation, and enable significant musical and social experiences. Many music educators have not learned yet about the ISME. As an ISME Board member, I would like to continue to serve ISME in disseminating it across countries, and stimulating potential members to join our wide and lively community.

Graça is a lecturer at the School of Education-Porto Polytechnic since 1985, teaching undergraduate and post- graduate courses in Music Education, Psychology and Therapy. She is coordinator of the Master in ME. She obtained a PhD in Music Psychology and an MA in Music Education (London, UK), a BA in Music Pedagogy (Louvain, Belgium), and graduated in Psychology and Piano (Porto, Portugal). Graça is President of APEM (Portuguese Association of Music Education-ISME) 2006-2010, having served APEM since 1990. She is also co-founder and President of AWPM (Wuytack Association for Music Pedagogy) since 1992. She works at two research centres, is editor of Educação Musical (APEM), co-editor of Música, Psicologia e Educação (CIPEM) and advisory member of Eufonía (Spain). She has published books and articles, some as co-author with Jos Wuytack, presented at ISME and other conferences, and taught in several countries. She is currently involved in research on music teaching.

Lee Higgins, 2010-2012 Board of Directors

United Kingdom / United States of America

Lee HigginsAs an ISME board member I would bring a strong sense of advocacy for music education as a life long activity. I am committed to the development of a relevant music education that reflects the worlds we live in. Specifically, I will give voice to popular music styles, informal sites for learning, and the diversity that is community music. My international experience and previous administrative positions, both in education and in the arts education sector, will enable me to be an effective board member. I have secured full backing from Boston University through which I can fulfill my duties if I was elected.

Lee Higgins is an internationally active scholar and practitioner of community music. He has been an ISME member since 1998, acts as assessor for the ISME Gibson Community-based Award, served as a commissioner for ISME’s Community Music Activity Commission since 2002 and is the immediate past chair. Currently Associate Professor for Music Education at Boston University, Lee has previous university appointments in 3 countries, the UK, Ireland, and the USA. He is co-editor of the International Journal of Community Music and an article reviewer for Action, Criticism, and Theory for Music Education, Irish Education Studies and the Musicological Society of Australia. He has previously served on the Steering Group for a Music Education Action Zone in Liverpool and on the Board of Directors, Sound Sense: The UK’s national community music development agency. As a community musician he has worked across the education sector as well as within health settings, prison and probation service, youth and community, and orchestra outreach.

Bo Wah Leung*, 2010-2012 Board of Directors

Hong Kong

Bo Wah LeungServing the ISME since 2002 has been my honour and pleasure. I am fortunate enough in getting close connection with other aspects of music education around the world. Thus I would like to continue to serve the ISME as it is the only international organization devoted to music education. If I am elected, I will further facilitate the connection between East and West by encouraging more Chinese and Asian delegates to join and serve the Society. In addition, music education research needs to be further developed in Asia. I would like to continue to seek closer connection and collaboration among Asian music educators and researchers. I firmly believe that Asian music culture should be more exposed to the world through the ISME.

Bo Wah Leung is Associate Professor of Music in the Department of Cultural and Creative Arts at Hong Kong Institute of Education. He is current Chair of the Departmental Research and Development Committee and the Music Specialization Coordinator of MEd Programme at his Institute. He received his PhD from the University of New South Wales. His areas of research interest include creativity and motivation in music teaching and learning, teaching Cantonese opera in school context, and music curriculum development. He served the ISME as a Board Member (2004-06), a commissioner of the MISTEC (2002-08), and the Chair of MISTEC (2006-08). He has been a reviewer for the IJME: Research since 2008, and is helping translating the IJME: Research abstracts into Chinese. In addition, Dr. Leung is one of the founding Co-Editors of the Asia- Pacific Journal for Arts Education, and has been a Board Member of the Asia-Pacific Symposium for Music Education Research since 2005.

Hiromichi Mito, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


Hiromichi MitoIf elected as an ISME Board Member, I would be eager to collaborate with members of Asian countries to establish a community of music educators. I think ISME has already done a pretty good job for building a worldwide community of music educators. However, in many Asian countries, ISME participants are still limited to the persons whose activities are focused on research. Although ISME offers many opportunities for music educators to develop their skills and knowledge, the attractions of ISME are not well-known among educators in Asian countries. Although there is a lot of interesting music education practices in Asian countries that are worth introducing to a worldwide community, their achievements are rarely introduced to countries outside of Asia. I consider that my role in ISME would be to serve as a bridge between music educators in Asian countries and those outside of Asia.

Hiromichi Mito is Professor of Music Education in the Faculty of Education at the Miyagi University of Education where he teaches research methodology and piano pedagogy. He holds Master’s (Musashino Academia Musicae, Japan, 1986) and PhD. (Roehampton University, UK, 2007) degrees in music education. An ISME member since 1995, Hiromichi is a Commissioner for the Research Commission (2004–2010) and has presented at the Research Commission (1998, 2000, 2002, 2004). Hiromichi is a member of the editorial board of Japanese Journal of Music Education Research. His research into informal musical learning has been supported by nationally competitive grants. Hiromichi has published extensively in many journals and books.

Phil Mullen, 2010-2012 Board of Directors

Ireland / United Kingdom

mullen_philIf re-elected to the board I will continue to serve the interests of all ISME members to the best of my ability with particular focus on making ISME accessible to all the music educators in the world. This will involve working with my colleagues on the board and executive to develop and implement a long term strategy that furthers ISME’s place at the centre of 21st century global music education. I will promote much further development of the web resource, a focus on regional activity and strategies to increase both revenue and membership. I will promote the idea that Web based resources be accessible, relevant and not financially prohibitive to any music educators. I will also promote that ISME furthers global awareness and action around music’s power to transform and heal societies and individuals.

Phil Mullen is a UK based Community Musician and trainer. He has worked for 25 years with vulnerable young people including those with mental health issues and special educational needs and those at risk of offending. He has also worked with homeless people and in prisons and with seniors. For seven years he worked in Northern Ireland promoting cross-cultural understanding through music. Phil also works extensively with schools in the primary and secondary sectors. He has long standing working relationships with Goldsmiths College, London University, Limerick University, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Music Leader and also acts as an advisor to Sing Up, the UK national singing programme for primary age children on its inclusion strand “Beyond the Mainstream”. Phil is a former com- missioner and chair of ISME’s community music activity commission and is a serving board member and is also part of the Membership focus group.

Regina Murphy, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


murphy_reginaISME is an extraordinary ensemble of players with an extraordinary history. Yet when I meet new music educators, they are often struggling with so many competing demands that they find it difficult to see what is really important. Researchers, too, continue to plea for attention to what matters. What strikes me most after a first term on the board is that, given the involvement of so many exceptional individuals, ISME is more than the sum of its parts. By working collaboratively we can leverage positive action on a huge scale. Having found ISME to be transformative for me, I believe thatwe can make ISME be transformative for others. To embrace change means to challenge ourselves to look at new modes of working, new media for communication and new ways of supporting those who need us most. I hope to continue serving ISME and enable it to meet these challenges.

Regina Murphy is Senior Lecturer at St Patrick’s College, Dublin City University, Ireland, where she teaches and directs postgraduate courses. She has presented numerous workshops and papers nationally and internationally, including several ISME World Conferences. Regina was one of the key personnel in the development of the primary school music curriculum in Ireland and in the subsequent national professional development programme for primary teachers. Curriculum and assessment in music education, as well as access and participation, continue to motivate her research interests. She is a member of the British Journal of Music Education editorial board and an immediate past editorial board member of Advances in Music Education Research) (American Educational Research Association: Music Education SIG). She serves on the ISME INA committee; as the Ireland contact for EAS (European Association for Music in Schools); and as ISME representative in the advocacy network of the WAAE (World Alliance for Arts Education).

Franz Niermann, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


niermann_franzMy membership of the ISME board will tie in with previous forms of fruitful cooperation with ISME like the EAS Conferences in Vienna (2003), Prague (2005), Würzburg (2006); the EAS contributions to the ISME conferences in Kuala Lumpur (2006) and Bologna (2008); ISME European Regional Conferences in Piteå (2007) and Tallinn (2009). It is my concern to strengthen the cooperation between ISME and colleagues from all over Europe and their music education associations. It is my concern to strengthen the presence of ISME in Europe to promote advocacy for music education from a global perspective. I aim to promote and support the idea of ISME Regional Conferences in different areas of the world. I aim to promote evidence based research as one field of ISME activities. It is my concern to develop the quality of music education conferences as forums for discussion and communication, and for sharing experiences and ideas.

1974 Graduate – University & Music Academy of Berlin: Music education, history, educational science. 1974–1988 Professional background: Secondary school teacher (Berlin-Wedding), academic assistant (Berlin Academy of Arts), 1987 Berlin – doctorate (theory of super learning and music education: ‘Rock music and teaching. A way for music in everyday life’). Since 1988: University professor, Music Education – University for Music and Performing Arts Vienna. Founder/Director of Institute for Music Education. Further education for teachers. Publications concerning fundamental questions on education, lifelong learning, music didactics in areas of classical and rock music. Organizations: Verband deutscher Schulmusiker (VdS), Arbeitskreis für Schulmusik (AfS), Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Musikerzieher Österreichs (AGMÖ), Arbeitskreis für musikpädagogische Forschung (AMPF). Involvement in EU projects like ‘EFMET’ and ‘accom- pagnato’. Since 1997 – Board member of ‘European Association for Music in Schools’ (EAS), President 2005 –2009, Past President 2009–2011; legal representative/coordinator of ‘music education Network’ (meNet); ISME Board of Directors 2008-2010.

Gudrun Schmidt-Kärner, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


Gudrun Schmidt-KärnerMembership of music educators in ISME and active participation during conferences are strategic to the development of Music Education around the world. Music is a language of freedom and for understanding across borders. It is very important to strengthen the possibilities of knowledge transfer within the conferences and into the next generation. Thus I would endeavour to:

  1. spread the idea of ISME especially into the music universities,
  2. interest students and recent graduates in the international contacts ISME provides,
  3. pass the respect of the cultural heritage of every nation as an enrichment for pupils and students,
  4. motivate German students to become members of ISME and to join the commission seminars and conferences,
  5. support the possible carrying out of an ISME World conference in Germany.

Gudrun Schmidt-Kärner has been Professor for Elementary Music Education and Pedagogics at the Music University in Lübeck, Germany, since 1978. Her Diploma of Music Education was obtained from the same institution; in addition she studied at the Berlin College for Social Pedagogics and for ten years privately to qualify as a professional singer. Apart from teaching in the Lübeck Music University and the city’s School for Music and Arts, she has sung professionally in three German institutions and worked privately in the social pedagogic field in two German cities and in both Finland and France. An ISME member since 1988, Gudrun has participated in nine ISME conferences and been an Early Childhood Commissioner for three terms. She was also an Orff-Schulwerk association member (1989-2007), and was the founder in 1992 of “Arbeitskreis Elementare Musikpädagogik” [working group Elementary Music Education and Pedagogic; members are from all the German music universities].

Theodora Stathopoulos, 2010-2012 Board of Directors

Greece / Canada

Theodora StathopoulosIt is my distinct pleasure to accept the nomination to serve on ISME’s Board of Directors. I believe my European background coupled with my Canadian citizenship of 40 years and living in the francophone province of Quebec, make me a desirable candidate for an International Society. Being able to speak three languages fluently and understand the cultural backgrounds of these languages would put me in an advantageous position vis à vis the board membership. As well, historically speaking, Canada has played a significant role in ISME’s development and so has Greece’s involvement and representation on the board. In this regard, I feel my presence will represent both those countries and through them, advance ISME’s interests in Europe and North America. In my role as CMEA president (2011-2013), for example, I can advocate about ISME and become instrumental in supporting the 2012 ISME conference thus increasing ISME’s membership and visibility in Canada.

A devoted and active music educator since 1978, Theodora Stathopoulos became head of FACE School’s string department in 2000. Ensembles under her direction have won distinctions and awards throughout her 30-year career including the Christopher Gledhill Award (2005) for the Best Symphony Orchestra in Canada and the Wilfred Harvey Award (2003) for the Best Chamber Orchestra in Canada, both awarded by the Canadian Music Educators Association (CMEA). Her involvement with ISME dates back to 1976, when she actively participated in the organization of the conference while still a student at The University of Western Ontario in London. More recently, she brought the FACE Chamber Orchestra to perform at ISME 2006 in Tenerife and in Bologna in 2008. Stathopoulos has served as President of the Quebec Music Educators Association and is now President-Elect of the CMEA. In 2006 she was awarded the Canadian Prime Minister’s Award for Teaching Excellence.

Ramona Tahir, 2010-2012 Board of Directors


Ramona TahirI believe all children should have access to good music and music education regardless of their race and socio- economic status. Towards this ends, music educators need to come together and work cohesively for the good of all children, a better world in general, and to promote the field of music education. ISME provides the important opportunity for music educators to exchange ideas and share as well as learn from others’ experiences. ISME also provides music educators throughout the world with support to justify music education in their respective contexts. I bring to ISME a perspective which is Malaysian-Western based on my Malaysian roots and entire tertiary education in Midwest United States. I hope also that my experiences in university administration, conference management, fund raising, and government relations can assist ISME in its goal of strengthening and promoting the value of music education throughout the world.

Ramona Mohd. Tahir received her PhD from Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. Her current portfolio includes director of UiTM’s Center for Music Advocacy; member of the International Society for Music Education’s Conferences Standing Committee; advisory board member of the Asia Pacific Symposium for Music Education Research; panel advisor to the Malaysian Ministry of Education’s Fully Residential Schools and the Curriculum Development Divisions; panel assessor and institutional auditor with the Malaysian Qualifications Agency; Member, Board of Governors Yamaha Music School; and Yamaha Higher Grade Examiner. She was also chair of the Conference Organizing Group of the 27th International Society for Music Education World Conference held in Kuala Lumpur in 2006. She has presented keynote, plenary, and other papers as well as served as a panelist at music conferences in Russia, Siberia, Mozambique, China, Thailand, and Malaysia. She is attached to the Department of Music Education, Faculty of Music, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Jiaxing Xie


Jiaxing XieAs a member of ISME board I will:

  1. Assist ISME to organize the 29th ISME World Conference successfully.
  2. Encourage more Chinese music educator to become ISME members.
  3. Establish extensive connections between ISME and Chinese music education organization (including Higher Music Education Institutions, Academic Institution, Elementary Education Organization)
  4. Establish an international music education curriculum Consortium in China with ISME’s participation. Invite experts to give lecture in many colleges and universities every year.
  5. Propagate Chinese music culture globally and regularly.
  6. Hold international music education symposium regularly (already have Beijing International Traditional Music Festival), to promote international music education exchange and cooperation.

Xie, Jiaxing is professor and director of Music Research Institute of China Conservatory, a distinguished professor of the Art Institute of Henan University and a member of the External Examina- tion Committee of the Hong Kong Institute of Education. He holds a PhD in Music Aesthetics (2004) from the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing. Besides being one of the first mainland Chinese ISME members, he is also a commissioner of the Mass Media Policies Commission of ISME. In China, he served as a director Assistant of Education Committee and director of Music Education commission in Chinese Musicians Association. He is also an executive member of CSME and director of the Academic Committee of Music Education of CSME and has served on the editorial boards of Asia- Pacific Journal for Arts Education, British Journal of Music Education. He has published books and articles, presented at ISME and other conferences in several countries. As keynote speaker, he presented in the 32nd International Music Council, Bergen Interactive Music Conference, etc. He is involved in academic exchanges and gives lectures in England, Germany and United States.


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